Developed using “danzon-mambo” as a template is a dance style known as Cha-Cha-Cha/Cha-Cha. This “triple step” dance is said to have originated from the city of Havana in Cuba. Apparently, this dance style was named after the “shuffling sound” produced by the feet of the dancers. In addition, the basic footwork used in this dance can be found several other Afro-Cuban dance styles belonging to a religious sect called Santeria. Furthermore, this dance style has over the years become popular and spread far and wide to places such as the United States of America and Western Europe.
a. History/origin of the Cha-Cha-Cha:
This dance style was created in 1950’s by a musician called Enrique Jorrin who was a violinist and composer for a group called Orquesta America. Now this group mainly performed at dance halls in Havana where dances such as danzon-mambo were mainly performed. It was while performing at these halls that Jorrin realized that many dancers had problems in keeping up to the rhythm of the music produced for the danzon-mambo. It is then that he composed music which possessed a completely different melody to the one played for the danzon-mambo dance. So it was in response to this new melody which was eventually played for the first time at the Silver Star Club in Havana that the dancers then created a “triple step” dance. Furthermore, it was the footwork involved in this newly developed “triple step” dance that created the sound “cha-cha-cha”, and hence this new dance style was named after the sound produced by the feet movement of the dancers.
b. Costumes used in the Cha-Cha- Cha:
Since this dance style involves both male and female the costumes used will vary accordingly and they are as follows:
1. For Females:
The attire worn includes a short multi-layered ruffle that at times also exposes the midriff of the performer to add to the sensuality that this dance style possesses.
2. For Males:
The attire worn includes colourful deep V-neck shirts and pants to go along with it.
c. Music involved in the Cha-Cha-Cha:
The music used in this dance form is essentially Cuban in its origin. It possesses a steady and high on energy beat, may involve complex polyrhythms, and is extremely sensual. In addition, the count used while performing this dance style included “two three chachacha” “four and one two three” or “one, two, three chacha”.
d. Training availability and dance technique involved in the Cha-Cha-Cha:
In terms of technique, this dance form essentially involves the use of feet as well as hip movements. The basic step of this style of dancing begins with the (mostly) male taking a chequered step forward with the left foot, while retaining weight on the right foot Furthermore, the right leg knee needs to be straightened and be brought in close proximity to the back of the left knee, while at the same time the left knee needs to be straighten out just before the weight is transferred onto it. Since this dance style is extremely popular these days, there are many training centres/schools that are available the world over for all those interested in learning this “elegant and energetic” dance style.