KOLO- BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Performed by forming a “circle” is a Southeast European dance style known as Kolo. This “folk” dance is supposed to have originated from Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is extremely popular in the Balkans in countries such as Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. Apparently, the performers form a circle while dancing which is referred to as “Kolo”, and hence this style of dancing has been named so. Furthermore, this dance is usually performed in a group. In addition, this dance style possesses several variations depending on the region.
A. History/origin of the Kolo:
According to the cultural history of the Balkan region, this dance was first created in Serbia by the orthodox Serbs to be performed at war fronts, churches, marriages etc. Furthermore, this dance style apart from music (i.e. use of instruments) basically also included vocals. However, it was during the 19th century that vocals were replaced by plain instrumental music. In addition, the orthodox Serbs also declared the “Kolo” as the “national dance” of Serbia.
B. Costumes used in the Kolo:
The costumes worn by the performers in this dance vary according to the gender as follows:
1. For males:
The attire worn includes a loose blouse, a trouser, embroidered velvet vest and a cap.
2. For females:
The attire worn includes a long white embroidered dress, heavy velvet aprons tied to the waist, and embroidered velvet vest.
C. Music involved in the Kolo:
The musical instrument used in this dance style includes an accordion, a frula (a medium sized flute), and tamburica or sargija.
D. Training availability and technique involved in the Kolo:
In terms of technique, the performers in the dance initially arrange themselves in circle. They then dance to the rhythm of the music holding each other’s hands or at times waist. Furthermore, this dance style consists of absolute no movement above the hips. As for training centers/schools, there are none available around the world since this “folk” dance is mainly performed in the Balkan region.