POLSKA- SWEDEN AND NORWAY
Performed in a few Scandinavian countries is a dance form known as Polska. This “partner” dance is said to have originated from Norway and Sweden. This form of dancing is also commonly referred to as pols, rundom, spring, springleik, and springar depending on the region. Furthermore, this dance can be performed to either the 3/4 beat or the 2/4 beat.
a. History/origin of the Polska:
This dance form is said to have been originated during the 17th century and has also been heavily influenced by the Polish culture. Furthermore, this dance is also said to have developed from court dances such as polonaise or 2/4 time minuet. In addition, the Polska also possesses elements belonging couple and set dances that are still performed by the Finnish and Danish community. However, it was from the ¾ time minuet that the Polska dance style was eventually developed. It is said that the ¾ form of this dance is what is commonly used especially in countries Norway, Sweden, Swedish speaking areas in Finland, and Denmark.
b. Costumes used in the Polska:
The costume worn by the performers in this dance form varies according to the gender, and they are as follows
1. For males:
The attire worn includes stripped sleeveless waistcoat, white long sleeves shirt, yellow, black, or dark blue colour breeches, a pair of high heel boots, and a hat.
2. For females:
The attire worn includes a high necked long sleeves white blouse, a tight fitting bodice, a bright shawl, a skirt, a head dress, leggings, boots, and a small vest.
c. Music involved in the Polska:
The major musical instruments used in the Polska include flute such as the nikelharpa, clarinet, bagpipes, and the violin. Furthermore, nowadays the diatonic accordion is frequently used.
d. Training availability and technique involved in the Polska:
In terms of technique, the dance involves two major components and they are as follows:
- The procession: This feature of this dance style basically involves the performers walking behind one another in the clockwise direction.
- Turning point: This feature basically involves the performer pivoting and turning.
Furthermore, the men performers usually use movements such as squats, leaps, or cartwheels while performing. As for training centers/schools, there are a few available around the world for those interested in learning this “partner” dance.