Considered to be “Afro-Brazilian” in origin is a renowned and extremely rhythmical dance style known as Samba. This “Latin American” dance is said to have originated during the 16th century from Brazil. This dance form does not consist of a set template, and hence basically comprises of different styles that minutely vary from each other. The various forms of “Samba” available are Samba No Pe, Samba De Gafieira, Samba Pagode, Samba Axe, Samba Reggae, Samba Rock, and Samba Rode.
a. History/origin of Samba:
This dance form was created during the 16th century when “slave trading” between Africa and Latin America was at its peak. It is thus the influx of large number of Africans into the Brazilian society that led to samba eventually being created. Apparently, the major elements included in this style of dancing have been mainly derived from dances belonging to countries such as Angola and Congo.
b. Costumes used in the Samba:
The costume mainly used in the popular form of Samba (i.e. Samba No Pe) is extremely colourful and minimalistic and includes a headgear, shoulder pads, and heavy boots.
c. Music involved in the Samba:
This musical instruments used in this dance style include cuicas, tambourines, frying pans played with metal sticks, flutes, and guitars.
d. Training availability and technique involved in the Samba:
In relation to technique, the popular form of Samba (i.e. Samba No Pe) comprises of a basic body movement that requires the performer to maintain an erect body posture while bending one knee at a time. The feet need to move only slightly (i.e. only a few inches at a time). Furthermore, the performer is expected to dance to the rhythm of the music being played, with the pace varying from about average to rapid. In this dance, the men are also supposed to dance by placing their entire feet on the ground, while women dance wearing high heeled shoes thereby not placing entire feet on the ground. As for schools/centres, there are many available in Brazil in Rio De Janerio that provide for training for all those interested in learning as well as performing this “energetic” dance during the famous “Rio Carnival”.